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Erinnerungskultur (‘culture of remembrance’)

Roughly translating as “culture of remembrance,” this word refers to the structures of society designed to commemorate and maintain awareness of the horrific crimes and atrocities of the Nazi era.

Erinnerungskultur is characterized by a multitude of campaigns, commemorations, memorials, monuments, programs and more that serve to underline its most influential message: ‘nie wieder ‘, meaning “never again”.

Remembering and honoring the victims of the Holocaust and the persecuted groups who suffered during this time is extremely important to German culture.

Erinnerungskultur Also often focuses on the premise of witnessing and bearing witness to the crime, destruction and brutality inherent in Nazi Germany.

Many Germans see this as a way to hold themselves accountable for their past, given that statistically a majority of their grandparents and great-grandparents passively activated or acted in the interest of the Nazi Party. It is about recognizing the full gravity of the atrocities of their national heritage, while committing themselves to act against such injustice in the future.

READ ALSO: Stolpersteine ​​- Standing Defiantly in Communities Amid Growing Tensions

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Participation in this Erinnerungskultur was previously seen as a prerequisite for belonging to the wider community, but this is increasingly questioned as German society diversifies: after all, why should it be the responsibility of immigrants unrelated to the perpetrators, or to people who belong to the groups who have been persecuted?

Erinnerungskultur is not only a dominant cultural mood, but also a key factor in foreign and domestic policy to this day.

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Fabien Sommer

READ ALSO: How Germany remembers the Holocaust

Vergangenheitsbewältigung (‘the working process through the past’)

This term has similar content to Erinnerungskultur, describing the process of shaping and accepting shameful aspects of a country’s past, especially when these events suggest the guilt of the people of the country as a whole.

As a feminine name, it is formed as a compound of Vergangenheit (the past) and Bewältigung, which refers to a process of going beyond. An often used synonym is “Aufarbeitung der Vergangenheit”, which was popularized by a lecture by Theodor Adorno entitled “Was bedeutet: Aufarbeitung der Vergangenheit?‘, or’ What do we mean by ‘working through the past?’

A sticker saying “No to the Nazis” at a demonstration in Berlin. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Christoph Soeder

It is mainly used in discussions about Nazism, the war crimes committed by the Wehrmacht (armed forces) during WWII and the Holocaust. However, it has also been suggested as a strategy for countries to recognize the atrocities of their colonial past. The same term has also been used in the context of examining and studying the crimes and injustices of the East German Communist dictatorship.

While Vergangenheitsbewältigung shares many of its key principles with Erinnerungskultur, it differs from the latter by also involving a psychological process of denazification, a complete mental overhaul to recognize and condemn the atrocities of the Nazi state in their entirety.

Central to the concept is the idea that remembering the past in its fullness and commemorating those who have suffered will prevent history from repeating itself, although the notion has been criticized in recent years as complacent.

Feierabend (‘end of the working day’)

Feierabend refers to the period after the end of the working day, when you should, according to the Germans, draw a strict line between your job and the rest of your life.

In recent years, it has become the famous Germans’ ability to maintain a healthy work-life balance and has an almost mythical status as a driving force behind the incredibly high levels of productivity within the country’s economy. . In many countries where it is common to work outside normal working hours, the German insistence on adequate leisure time combined with their recognized efficiency is a point of envy.

The word has been around for centuries and once structured the division between hours spent at work and hours devoted to religious life. The Feierabend were marked by church bells, after which there were evening prayers.

Munich people appreciate Feierabend. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Elke Richter

It would be a lie to claim that Germans also sometimes have no trouble disconnecting from work – polls to suggest that the average full-time German employee still works an average of five more hours than they are contracted for.

But at the heart of the idea of Feierabend makes a mental transition from the desk to the living room sofa, whether it’s switching from work clothes to loungewear, away from technology or by have your first evening drink – and this is something that is becoming more and more important in the era of “working from home”.

READ ALSO: Why every country should embark with the German Feierabend

Waldeinsamkeit (“forest loneliness”)

This word, which literally means “forest loneliness” or “forest loneliness”, roughly translates to the feeling of sublime peace and enlightenment that you could achieve while being alone and in harmony with nature.

Germans love forays into nature as a way to work through their philosophical reflections, something that exploded during the pandemic as we found our options for safe and remote fun suddenly limited. Fortunately, there is nothing more socially distanced than contemplating your thoughts and feelings alone in nature.

A cyclist in Daugendorf, Baden-Württemberg. Photo: picture alliance / dpa | Thomas warnack

But the word also speaks of a wider infatuation with the natural world, and in particular the forests, which are at the heart of German culture. It is considered a mysterious and mystical space full of possibilities for self-discovery and adventure. Anyone who has read one of the Grimm’s fairy tales as a child will intuitively understand this – in German folk stories the forest is always a space teeming with fantastic supernatural events and beings.

Forests and nature also occupy an important place in German medieval and romantic texts, and they strongly marked the national consciousness like nowhere else. If you visit the beautiful forests of Germany, you will certainly understand why – and be sure to pass for a scheduled personal epiphany.


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In Texas, you’ll find German cities stretching from the Coastal Plain in central Texas to the hills.

Colonies like Fredricksburg, Boerne, New Braunfels. Schulenburg, Pflugerville and Walburg, in Williamson County.

This unincorporated community dates from the late 1880s and is home to not one, but two Lutheran churches: the Lutheran Church of Zion and the Lutheran Church of St. Peter.

In 1881, Henrich Doering moved to the region and opened a general store. Five years later, he opened a post office and changed the name of the area from Concordia to Walburg, after his hometown in Germany.

In the 1980s, another young German man moved to town and opened a German restaurant.

“Munich Germany, I was born there and grew up there. When I arrived in Walburg all eyes were on me because I was German, ”said Ronny Tippelt. “What is a German doing here in a German community?” sure he’s the real thing.

“I was accepted and our restaurant became a success.

Over the years, the chefs carry on the legacy of German cuisine from Ronny Tippelt’s Bavarian heritage at the world-renowned Walburg restaurant.

But the dining experience doesn’t end with the food. Tippelt is an accomplished accordionist and yodeler. With Quinten Dubec, he formed the Walburg Boys who play regularly inside the restaurant and in the beer garden at the back.

Dubec even has a music school on site, teaching young musicians so that another generation can continue the tradition.

“So far we’ve got a few drum students, guitar students, and piano students, so it’s starting to go really well,” Dubec said.

The Walburg restaurant is a family-friendly place with an arcade and table football.

So, for a quick Texan-only getaway, you can sit under the canopy of an oak tree and soak up our rich Texan-German culture and maybe take a bit of Bavaria home with you.


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In Texas, you’ll find German cities stretching from the Coastal Plain to central Texas, through the hills.

Colonies like Fredricksburg, Boerne, New Braunfels. Schulenburg, Pflugerville and Walburg, in Williamson County.

This unincorporated community dates from the late 1880s and is home to not one, but two Lutheran churches: the Lutheran Church of Zion and the Lutheran Church of St. Peter.

In 1881, Henrich Doering moved to the region and opened a general store. Five years later, he opened a post office and changed the name of the area from Concordia to Walburg, after his hometown in Germany.

In the 1980s, another young German man moved to town and opened a German restaurant.

“Munich Germany, I was born there and grew up there. When I arrived in Walburg all eyes were on me because I was German, ”said Ronny Tippelt. “What is a German doing here in a German community?” sure he’s the real thing.

“I was accepted and our restaurant became a success.

Over the years, the chefs carry on the legacy of German cuisine from Ronny Tippelt’s Bavarian heritage at the world-famous Walburg restaurant.

But the dining experience doesn’t end with the food. Tippelt is an accomplished accordionist and yodeler. With Quinten Dubec, he formed the Walburg Boys who play regularly inside the restaurant and in the beer garden at the back.

Dubec even has a music school on site, teaching young musicians so that another generation can continue the tradition.

“So far we’ve got a few drum students, guitar students, and piano students, so it’s starting to go really well,” Dubec said.

The Walburg restaurant is a family-friendly place with an arcade and table football.

So, for a quick Texan-only getaway, you can sit under the canopy of an oak tree and soak up our rich Texan-German culture and maybe take a bit of Bavaria home with you.


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Sprecherfest returned to Glendale for the first time in over 20 years, with the three-day festival ending on Saturday July 3.

Sprecher Brewing Co. CEO and Chairman Sharad Chadha said that because it’s a classic, they hope to bring it back every year.

The 4th of July weekend was the perfect time for the classical German festival.

“What a way to enjoy our freedom and all that we have,” said Chadha. “It’s a German town you know and our German heritage. Enjoy its good beer, bratwurst sausage, sauerkraut, it’s going to be a lot of fun.”

The festival was filled with German music, food and drink – and a sense of normalcy.

“By drinking beer outside you know that prost-ing and high-five and shaking hands, it’s like we’re back in business and we’re back on top,” Chadha said. .

Sprecherfest 2021 in Glendale

Festival goers enjoyed the beer and food as well as the German atmosphere.

“You are going to have this authentic German beer experience – you can’t go wrong,” said Eric Halverson from Wauwatosa.

“Even if you’re not German you can still enjoy the company, the presence and the culture here, it’s pretty amazing,” said Lindi Ilich of Bay View.

Sprecher has teamed up with Bavarian Bierhaud for the return of the festival.

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Toronto, Ontario – (Newsfile Corp. – March 2, 2021) – Cobalt Blockchain Inc. (TSXV: COBC) (OTC Pink: COBCF) (“COBC“or the”Society”) announced today that, following the Company’s press release dated February 8, 2021, it has completed the debt settlement with two arm’s length creditors issuing 500,000 common shares at a deemed price of $ 0.085 per share to settle a debt of $ 187,822. All shares issued as part of the debt settlement transaction are subject to a 4-month holding period.

About Cobalt Blockchain Inc.

Cobalt Blockchain Inc. (TSXV: COBC) is a Canadian resource company expanding its exploration and development activities to include cobalt assets in the Democratic Republic of Congo (“DRC”). The Company believes it is the first mining and mineral trading company created specifically to source cobalt in accordance with the due diligence framework of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (“OECD”). COBC has developed and is implementing a blockchain-based reporting platform to provide greater certainty of provenance and additional assurance that all minerals purchased are of ethical origin.

For more information on the Company, investors should consult the documents filed by the Company at the address www.sedar.com.

For more information, please contact:

Pierre Copetti,
Executive Chairman and CEO
Cobalt Blockchain Inc.
Phone: + 1-416-519-4009
E-mail: This e-mail address is protected from spam. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.cobc.co

Neither the TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.



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The world is full of people who are so much better than me.

Every night on the evening newscast, the presenters end their shows with an inspiring story of someone, somewhere, who makes the world a better place through an act of kindness.

Often times, this is a child with a heart of gold or a remarkable WWII veteran who still serves their country in their 10th decade of life. Me? I’m just sitting here giving opinions.

We have no shortage of opinions in the age of Twitter, Yelp and Facebook memes. What we need are PPE for first responders, meat and Clorox wipes. Yet all I have to offer are my feelings.

My niece is an emergency room nurse in Virginia. Every day, she washes, dresses and embarks on a 10- or 12-hour shift to save lives and comfort the dying in place of their locked-out loved ones. It’s Maggie Herndon lovingly shaking the hands of the dying as their families Skype goodbye to each other.

My childhood buddy Mike Neubert worked as a pharmacy technician at St. Francis Hospital in Port Washington, New York, a COVID-19 hotspot. Mike has worked there since 1979; 41 years of caring service to others. We rarely talk about all the non-doctors who work in hospitals, X-ray technicians, physiotherapists, kitchen workers, and janitors who have to clean up very ugly messes and disinfect everything. Every day they enter dangerous areas to protect us.

My nephew, Matt Herndon, works for the MTA. It allows first responders to get to and from work while ensuring train safety.

I have two other nieces, Ellie and Bridget, who work every day to take care of others.

In the meantime, would you like to know what I think of convicted criminal Michael Flynn who gets a free pass from the Department of “Justice”? No? What about who I think Joe Biden should choose as his running mate? Don’t you care? Um, what if I think it’s OK for the Dodgers to play this year even if it means there aren’t any fans at the stadium?

Anybody?

I am useless in this crisis. I don’t have any skills that someone really needs.

I am not a carpenter, plumber, electrician, firefighter, cop, nurse, doctor, farmer, bus driver, soldier, flight attendant, grocery store clerk, truck driver, garbage collector, air conditioning / heating repairman or any other professional on which we depend to survive or maintain our quality of life. In my 62 years, never, not once, has anyone invited me to his home to discuss the G-7 summit, illegal immigration or to give them my opinion on retirement debt resolution. unfunded from the State of California. I may have chatted about these topics, but never at their request.

I have suspected my uselessness since I was 50, which is now a dozen years in the rearview mirror. Around 50, traders lose interest in us except to sell reverse mortgages or erectile dysfunction remedies. The music, film and television industries do not care about the elderly at all; although, oddly enough, Republicans and Democrats continue to name them. COVID-19 has made official what Madison Avenue has known for decades: I’m on the way.

During this crisis, my mission is to stay at home. Do your shopping only during peak hours and then as little as possible. For the good of the nation, I must stay away from the beaches, even though it is hot in the San Fernando Valley. The beaches are for young people who look great in swimsuits even though they could catch and spread COVID.

To be honest, I shouldn’t be at the beach even though there isn’t a pandemic. So while I sincerely salute all of the underrated everyday heroes who risk everything for my safety, I would like to congratulate myself for doing my part.

Nothing.

You’re welcome.

Doug McIntyre’s column appears on Sundays. He can be reached at: [email protected]



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HAVERHILL – Midway through the felony trial of former Bristol Police Chief Michael Lewis, the state last week dropped charges that Lewis tampered with his hours on police-funded police details grants, in return for Lewis’ payment of $ 9,000 to the City of Bristol.

Lewis and his attorney, Eric Wilson, argue that the deal was not a “settlement” – which Wilson says involves guilt – but rather a business decision.

“He could pay $ 9,000 and ensure the case is closed, or pay his lawyer $ 15,000 to $ 20,000 to run the trial all week,” Wilson said, adding that he was convinced they would have. won at the end of the trial.

Grafton County attorney Marcie Hornick, who pursued the case, had a different take on the deal.

“The charges are pending,” she said. “They’re conditionally prossed, as long as he pays the $ 9,000 and stays in good standing for two years.” Technically, the case is still pending. … If for some reason Lewis did not meet the conditions – which I think is unlikely – we would bring the charges back and start the trial again.

Lewis said: “It boiled down to simple math. I have no doubt that this trial, like the previous trial, was going to be a quick deliberation. “

He said as they left the court, nine of the 15 jurors in charge of the case approached him and shook his hand.

“They made reference to the fact that they didn’t feel guilty by any stretch of the imagination. One of them resides in Bridgewater and said there are serious problems in that community. [Bristol] that are of concern.

Lewis maintains that the charges against him were fabricated to get rid of him.

Claiming he had waited two years to be able to speak, Lewis attributed his problems to a meeting with Bristol officials during Motorcycle Week in June 2017. At that meeting, elected officials complained that the Bristol Police Department was the only local agency not represented at regional meetings. to discuss the drug epidemic, and they asked him or a designate to attend a future session. Lewis replied that he would “skip the Danish” and instead put “boots on the ground” to support his officers as they faced the crisis.

“It was clear after this meeting that my fate would be similar to that of my two predecessors and the fire chief,” Lewis said. “You cross the path of Rick Alpers [then chair of the Bristol Board of Selectmen] and your days are numbered. Less than 90 days later, I was put on paid administrative leave.

Lewis resigned as chief of police on October 4, 2017, 30 days after being put on leave, and Bristol elected officials said they discovered discrepancies in his timesheets when reviewing the internal policies of the staff after his departure.

A Grafton County Superior Court grand jury handed over three indictments for felony against Lewis on June 15, 2018, under the direction of Hornick’s predecessor, but she failed to review the charges and complete the documents, leading to two alternate indictments against Lewis on February 15 of this year. The indictments alleged that Lewis claimed overtime that he did not work during the period from July 2012 to December 2014, and between January 2016 and December 2017, each time involving more than $ 1,500 .

Overtime for the patrols in question was paid for with grants from the New Hampshire Highway Safety Agency.

Lewis was also charged with three other counts of misdemeanor sexual assault for an alleged incident on August 31, 2017, which led to his administrative leave.

The sexual assault trial in May led to Lewis’s acquittal on these charges. Audio recordings of this trial show Wilson obtained testimony from Lt. Timothy Woodward that he and Lt. Kristopher Bean wanted Lewis to go, and that Woodward hoped to get the chief position. The alleged sexual assault victim was Woodward’s wife, Nicole, and Bristol Selectman Rick Alpers filed the complaint.

Among the evidence presented by Wilson was a text message from Bristol City Administrator Nik Coates urging Lewis to seek an opening with the Moultonborough Police Department “before Rick [Alpers] brings you out. This message was sent shortly before elected officials put Lewis on paid administrative leave.

On the witness stand, Woodward admitted he failed to follow municipal procedures requiring him to report the alleged improper touching to human resources or the city administrator. While Woodward initially said he tried to find them but they weren’t in their offices, he later admitted that he went directly to Alpers at the selected men’s home over the weekend and that Alpers had advised Woodward and his wife to file written complaints.

The administrative secretary of the police department later said that Woodward and Bean were reviewing tapes of witness interviews that had been conducted by Grafton County investigators. Woodward admitted that this violated police procedures and that, as the district attorney, he was aware of the offense.

Together, Wilson argued, the missteps proved there was a plot to oust the Chief and that the Woodwards, along with Bean, worked with Alpers to achieve that goal.

In his closing arguments, Hornick asked, “What difference does it make that they like Mike Lewis? Really, what difference does it make if they don’t follow the policy? … The elements of the case are: He put his hand on her buttocks. … It’s a crime.

The jury had 10 minutes to deliberate before lunch and returned 17 minutes after lunch with a not guilty verdict.

On August 26, the first day of the felony trial, attorney Wilson again presented Coates’ text message to Lewis, suggesting that he continue working at Moultonborough “before Rick kicks you out.”

The next day, August 27, during Wilson’s cross-examination of Police Lt. Kristopher Bean, the lawyer presented documents showing that Bean’s account of his time on the details of the special route also did not match. to the distribution files, which were the basis of the crime. indictment against Lewis.

Officers who conduct road safety patrols are expected to call the dispatcher when they begin patrols and whenever they stop a vehicle. Wilson said Lewis’s witness list included a former Franklin dispatch supervisor who was prepared to testify that on busy weekends officers didn’t always call their stops so as not to overwhelm dispatchers.

Wilson produced records showing that Bean had claimed time for hours of work which, according to dispatch, was not on patrol, and that his recorded traffic stops were double the number (four instead of two) that ‘he had actually reported to the Franklin Police Department, which dispatches to Bristol.

Hornick objected to the question line and the judge ended that day’s session. Before Bean returned to the witness stand the next morning, the attorneys met in the judge’s office and reached an agreement to drop the charges in exchange for payment of $ 9,000.

Hornick explained the reason she dropped the felony charges: “I think at the end of the day I’m still interested in trying to make a whole victim, so when her lawyer offered to pay that amount, I wanted to help Bristol get his money back. back.”

Hornick said Lewis also pleaded guilty to breaching bail conditions and contempt of court after being found to be in possession of firearms. He received a suspended $ 1,000 fine for this charge.

Hornick said there were no outstanding charges against Woodward and Bean as any alleged inappropriate conduct on their part would have been outside the scope of Grafton County’s investigation.

“Our investigation was centered on the chef,” she said. “If there had been any discrepancies that the city administration had asked us to look into, we would follow up with them. “

Wilson said that if there is an issue with an officer’s credibility, it is up to the police chief to investigate and determine if there is a problem. If so, the Chief places the officer’s name on the Attorney General’s Defense Evidence Schedule, formerly known as the Laurie List. The list is currently confidential, although the American Civil Liberties Union and several news outlets have been pushing to make these names public. The purpose of the list is to let defense lawyers know if an officer involved in a case has credibility issues.

Current Bristol Police Chief James McIntire gave a terse response to an inquiry, writing: “I wouldn’t be able to comment, and neither would I.”

Hornick commented, “I feel bad for all parties. The criminal justice system is not a perfect system, but it is time to move on and let the police do their job.



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Frances Bean Cobain’s ex-husband is reportedly asking for up to $ 300,000 a year in spousal support.

Frances Bean – the daughter of late Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain and Courtney Love – married frontman Isaiah Silva of The Eeries in an intimate ceremony in June 2014. About 15 guests are said to have attended the wedding and Love wouldn’t have been invited.

Cobain filed for divorce 21 months later and recent reports suggested that Silva was in search of the last guitar ever played by Kurt Cobain in their divorce settlement.

Now HEY reports that Silva needs $ 25,000 (£ 19,000) per month in spousal support, for a total of $ 300,000 (£ 227,000) per year.

Getty

Documents obtained by the publication claim Silva got into debt after Cobain refused to pay school and housing bills for his seven-year-old daughter from a previous relationship.

Frances Bean Cobain, who is reportedly worth $ 450million (£ 340million), is said to be willing to pay spousal support but wants to protect her father’s estate. A child support hearing is set for September 7.

Frances Bean recently made her music debut, uploading a short clip of herself covering a song from Jimmy Eat World.

READ MORE: 10 things you didn’t know about Frances Bean Cobain



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PriceWaterhouseCoopers settled a potential $ 3 billion lawsuit brought by MF Global’s bankruptcy administrator mid-trial, ending a case that could have broadened the scope of auditors’ liability in the event of a bankruptcy. companies.

The global accounting firm blamed the mismanagement of former President Jon Corzine, who built a multibillion-dollar portfolio of European sovereign bonds at MF Global just as the US debt rating was downgraded and the peripheral European bond market entered a serious wave of convulsions. The MF Global estate administrator argued that accounting errors, including allowing MF Global to keep the bonds off its balance sheet, precipitated the company’s collapse.

By arranging before the jury had a chance to make a decision, PwC has left open important questions about the extent to which an auditor can be held accountable for his advice on complex accounting matters, which often resist questioning. simple yes or no answer.

“As a settled case, there is no precedent value,” said Jacob Frenkel, member of Dickinson Wright in Washington and former lawyer for the Securities and Exchange Commission. “Where there was a risk of unreasonably expanding the role of an auditor, the law remains as is, which means that auditors provide reasonable assurances on financial statements and are not auditors of business judgment . “

Neither PwC nor MF Global commented on the amount of the settlement other than to say that it was satisfactory to both parties. This puts an end to the last of the lawsuits brought by MF Global against him; PwC settled another lawsuit filed by investors in MF Global for $ 65 million in 2015. It hit a mid-trial settlement of $ 5.5 billion lawsuit on the bankruptcy of mortgage lender Taylor, Bean & Whittaker last year for an undisclosed amount.

MF Global went bankrupt in October 2011 after what was in effect a run on the bank, when its commodity brokerage clients started withdrawing funds and it was hit by margin calls on its portfolio of ‘European bonds of $ 6.3 billion. It soon became clear that the company had also tapped over $ 1 billion in customer deposits in an attempt to support its own liquidity, which it ultimately restored. Corzine, a former Goldman Sachs partner and governor of New Jersey, paid a $ 5 million fine and agreed to a lifetime ban on commodity futures trading for lack of supervision. as part of a settlement with the Commodities Futures Trading Commission earlier this year.

MF Global eventually repaid almost all of its creditors, with the exception of the holders of unsecured bonds. This debt is now mainly in the hands of distressed investors who are ready to recover the proceeds of the settlement. MF Global was prepared to present witnesses who set the losses attributable to PwC at $ 2 billion plus pre-judgment interest. As a private partnership, however, it is not clear whether PwC could pay even a fraction of that amount.

The trial featured several days of testimony from Corzine, a familiar figure with thinning gray hair and well-cut suits, and critical thinking from lawyers on both sides. PwC has resisted calls from U.S. District Judge Victor Marrero to settle the case in pre-trial mediation and requested that the trial be set aside after saying MF Global had changed his theory of the case. The trial was suspended last Wednesday for further talks, which ended with the settlement announced today.



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