Monkeypox by the numbers: Facts about the rare virus currently spreading

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Monkeypox has been on the public radar after news broke that a UK resident tested positive for the rare virus on May 6, 2022.

While health experts have said most people shouldn’t be at risk if they’ve stayed up to date on their smallpox vaccine, many can’t help but wonder about the current outbreak of smallpox. monkeypox as the COVID-19 pandemic still has its grip on the world.

Symptoms of monkeypox include fever, muscle aches, exhaustion, headache, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and within one to three days, rashes and sores, depending on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Here are quick facts and figures on monkeypox.

MONKEYPOX PRESENTS A MODERATE RISK TO GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH, WHO SAYS

1958 – Researchers first discovered monkeypox in 1958 after two outbreaks were observed in colonies of monkeys that were kept for study, according to the CDC. The monkeys in question were showing signs of a “pox-like disease”, which led to the virus’ reference name to primates.

In this graphic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, symptoms of the monkeypox virus are shown on a patient’s hand May 27, 2003. The CDC said the viral illness monkeypox, which is thought to be spread by prairie dogs, was detected in the Americas for the first time with approximately 20 cases reported in Wisconsin, Illinois and Indiana.
(Courtesy CDC/Getty Images)

1970 – The first recorded case of human monkeypox infection occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo, according to the CDC.

9 – In Africa, monkeypox has been found in nine countries in the central and western regions of the continent, including Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. . The CDC reports that monkeypox cases discovered outside of Africa have been “linked to international travel or imported animals.”

WHO: NEARLY 200 CASES OF MONKEYPOX VIRUS IN MORE THAN 20 COUNTRIES

6 Six countries in Africa are currently experiencing endemic monkeypox, according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) As of May 26, endemic countries include Cameroon (25 cases, 9 deaths), Central African Republic (8 cases , 2 deaths), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (1,284 cases, 58 deaths), Nigeria (46 cases, 0 deaths) and the Republic of the Congo (2 cases, 0 deaths).

21 – Monkeypox cases in the United States rose to June 21-3, according to the CDC, with four cases each in California and New York, three in Florida, two in Colorado and Utah and one in the states of Georgia, Illinois , Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Washington.

In this illustration taken on May 22, 2022, test tubes labeled

In this illustration taken on May 22, 2022, test tubes labeled “Monkeypox Virus Positive” are displayed in a case.
(REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration)

WHO: Countries not endemic to monkeypox

    Eastern Mediterranean: United Arab Emirates and Sudan

    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom

    Pan America: Argentina, Canada, French Guiana and the United States

    Western Pacific: Australia

23 – Outside of Africa, WHO has received reports of confirmed cases of monkeypox from 23 countries in the Eastern Mediterranean, Europe, Pan America and the Western Pacific. The cases were reported from May 13 to May 26.

31 – As of June 3, the CDC has reported confirmed cases of monkeypox spread to other countries. The full list of 31 countries can be viewed on the agency’s website. These figures have not yet been communicated by the WHO.

257 – The WHO has confirmed 257 cases of monkeypox in non-endemic countries as of May 26.

MONKEYPOX CONTINUES TO WORRY SCIENTISTS AS IT SPREADS TO OTHER COUNTRIES

117 to 127 Suspected monkeypox cases in non-endemic countries are between 117 and 127, as of May 26.

3% to 6% According to the World Health Organization, the death rate from monkeypox in “recent times” has varied between 3% and 6%. Previously, it ranged from 0% to 11%, with young children having a higher risk of death.

In this illustration taken on May 25, 2022, a woman holds a mockup vial labeled

In this illustration taken on May 25, 2022, a woman holds a mockup vial labeled “monkeypox vaccine” and inserts a medical syringe.
(REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration)

2 – According to the CDC, there are two licensed smallpox vaccines that can be used for monkeypox. The vaccines are ACAM200, made by Sanofi Pasteur Biologics Co., and JYNNEOSTMc, made by Bavarian Nordic. The CDC says smallpox vaccines can be used to protect humans against monkeypox because the two viruses are “closely related.”

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1980 – In 1980, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox an “eradicated” disease, according to the CDC.

Fox News’ Julia Musto contributed to this report.