Aviation, once considered the domain of the privileged few, is now part of a monotonous daily routine. For years, scientists have fully understood the concept and physics of flight that have eluded humans for millennia, and they are constantly looking for new ways to push the limits of flight. Flying is the greatest privilege, thanks to the Wright Brothers of the United States, who launched the world’s first successful powered airplane. The triumph of science is evident in the gradual and advanced development of aviation and it never fails to captivate us. We’ve rounded up the 20 most interesting facts about aviation that will blow your mind and fuel your enthusiasm for aviation.
20 most interesting facts about aviation
1. First powered and controlled airplane flight
The year 1903 marks one of aviation’s most innovative historic moments when American aviation pioneers Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright achieved the first successful flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft and controlled. Although traces of the existence of airplanes can be found in ancient history millennia back, it was the Wright brothers who built and flew the first fully functional airplane on December 17, 1903. They opened the skies to the innovators in the aviation industry, and aviation has never been the same.
2. The oldest airline in the world
Airlines are a major part of aviation, and the first carrier in the world to enter into business was DELAG of Germany. Founded on November 16, 1909, DELAG became the first airline to operate an aircraft in commercial service. Every year, several airlines disappear from the aviation landscape, but the oldest airlines in the world are KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (founded in 1919), SCATDTA (1919), Qantas Airways (1920), Aeroflot-Russian Airlines (19230, Czech Airlines (1923), Finnair (1923), Tajik Air (1924), Delta Air Lines (1925), etc.
3. Best-selling commercial jets
Another of the most interesting facts about aviation concerns aircraft sales. In the aircraft market, Boeing and Airbus enjoy a considerable degree of duopoly as their increasingly popular narrow-body jets are ubiquitous and have reached every corner of the world. The Airbus A320 and Boeing 737 are the best-selling commercial aircraft in aviation history which have placed more than 15,000 orders each so far.
4. Daily flights and number of passengers taking flight
Aviation has given wings to human beings to experience the pleasure of flying and celebrate magical moments in the sky. Before the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic, there were an average of 115,000 commercial flights each day worldwide. In 2019, around 4.5 billion people took to the skies worldwide with a record 42 million flights. If you’re wondering how many planes might be in the air right now, an average of around 10,000 planes are flying through the skies, carrying at least a million passengers at a time.
5. The busiest and largest airport in the world
Among the 20 most interesting facts about aviation is the busiest and largest airport in the world. Airports are air gateways to our favorite destinations and a second home for avid travellers. In terms of area, King Fahd International Airport in Saudi Arabia is the largest airport in the world, spread over 776 square kilometers and serving the entire eastern province of the country. In terms of passenger traffic, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport holds the title of the busiest airport in the world, handling over 75 million passenger movements each year. Overall, airports in the United States are the busiest airports, followed by those in China, India, Turkey, Mexico, etc.
For your information, Juancho Yrausquin Airport, located on the Dutch island of Saba in the Caribbean, is considered the smallest airport in the world as it is home to the world’s shortest commercial runway, measuring just 0.2 mile long.
6. Aircraft design evolves over time
Just like flying animals, aircraft design is constantly evolving over time. Each aircraft model is different and has its own set of specific capabilities and features. Since the flight of modern pioneers in 1903, aircraft design has come a long way and they are becoming more reliable, powerful and efficient than ever. Aviation is at the forefront of technological advancements, with various aircraft models arriving over time, from jumbo jets to light passenger planes, cargo planes, military planes, reconnaissance surveillance planes strategy, etc.
7. The biggest jets in human history
Aircraft are marvels of engineering, but some aircraft are more special than others due to their aerodynamic capability, weight, volume, wingspan, etc. the largest aircraft ever built capable of carrying a payload of up to 250 tons. Sadly, the six-engine behemoth now resides only in memory as it was destroyed during the Russian-Ukrainian conflict.
The Airbus A380 is the largest double-decker passenger aircraft ever built which has the highest recorded passenger capacity of 615 in a two-class configuration.
8. The fear of fleeing is present in more than 80% of the population
While flying gives us a sense of freedom and an opportunity to venture into the wild blue there, the fear of flying is present in over 80% of the population. Fear of heights (acrophobia), fear of flying (aerophobia), fear of accidents, etc. make travelers anxious during air travel. For your peace of mind, air travel is one of the safest modes of transportation, resulting in 0.07 fatalities for every billion miles traveled.
9. The science behind the flight
The wonder of flight is amazing and what’s even more amazing is the science behind it. Aircraft achieve flight using four forces: lift (the force created by the wings to keep the aircraft in the air), drag (acts opposite to the direction of motion), thrust (force created by a jet engine or propeller to move the aircraft in the direction of motion) and weight (gravitational force).
10. Air transport accounts for 5% of total travel demand
Despite the staggering number of flights taking off and landing every day, air travel accounts for only 5% of total travel demand worldwide. Only 5% of the world’s population has ever flown in an airplane, and if you’re one of them, kudos for the flight experience.
11. Pilots don’t eat the same meal
One of the most interesting facts about aviation is that most pilots and co-pilots don’t eat the same meals. Although the FAA does not mandate this practice, most airlines require pilots and co-pilots to eat different meals during flights. Why? The reason is simple. If something goes wrong with a meal and one of the pilots becomes ill (food poisoning), the other pilot can step in and ensure the safety of passengers on board.
12. There are hidden parts in an airplane for pilots and flight attendants
No matter how hard flight crews try to avoid fatigue, there’s a time when they need their own downtime and downtime, specifically. on long-haul flights. There are hidden bedrooms in the back of the planes for pilots and cabin crew to allow them to take breaks and sleep.
13. Aircraft Alphabet
The world of flight is interesting, and if it’s not already obvious, aviation workers use aviation alphabets to share information quickly and accurately and avoid problems that can arise due to misunderstandings. messages. The same 26 English letters have corresponding words that sound different from each other. B or C may look the same, but their code words “Bravo” and “Charlie” sound different, which prevents misinterpretation of messages and increases air safety.
14. Air Marshals on commercial flights
Air Marshals are the government’s first defense against any crime in the skies who work in secret positions and maintain the social confidentiality of their profession. They use their sixth sense to understand normal passenger activity and criminal behavior and protect the flying public from terrorist attacks, hijacking, etc. The plane you are traveling in may have air marshals, but you will not identify them.
15. The black box is not so black
In an airplane, there is mysterious sounding equipment that records flight data and makes it available to authorities when needed. Contrary to popular belief, the black box isn’t black at all, it’s painted bright orange.
16. The fastest plane in the world
Another interesting fact about aviation is that there are a handful of fighter jets that have lightning speed and can disappear in the blink of an eye. The Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, which outruns a missile, the MiG-31 Foxhound cruising at a supersonic speed of over 2.8, and the Mach 3+ Lockheed YF-12 are among the fastest fighter jets in the world. In commercial operations, Concorde is the fastest passenger jet, with a top speed of 1,354 mph.
17. Cockpit doors are open during boarding but remain locked during flight
The cockpit doors are open during boarding to allow the captain to monitor the procedure but remain locked during flight to prevent unwanted entry.
18. Food tastes different on airplanes due to reduced taste sensitivity
Airplane food is not “WOW” because low humidity and air movement above 30,000 feet affect our taste buds and reduce our sensitivity to smells and tastes.
19. The air in an airplane cabin is drier than the Sahara.
The pressurized air in the aircraft cabin has an average humidity of 12%, below the humidity of the Sahara desert.
20. Airline with no passenger deaths
Since its inception in 1929, Hawaiian Airlines has never had a fatality. Qantas, Australia’s flag carrier, also has a perfect safety record, with no fatal accidents involving any of its commercial aircraft in the jet age.